openssl_sign

匿名2022-08-07  124

(PHP 4 >= 4.0.4, PHP 5, PHP 7, PHP 8)

openssl_sign — Generate signature

说明
openssl_sign(
    string $data,
    string &$signature,
    OpenSSLAsymmetricKey|OpenSSLCertificate|array|string $private_key,
    string|int $algorithm = OPENSSL_ALGO_SHA1
): bool

openssl_sign() computes a signature for the specified data by generating a cryptographic digital signature using the private key associated with private_key. Note that the data itself is not encrypted.

参数

data 要签名的数据字符串

signature 如果调用成功,则在返回签名

private_key

OpenSSLAsymmetricKey - 一个密匙,由 openssl_get_privatekey() 返回

字符串 - PEM 格式的密钥

algorithm
int - one of these Signature Algorithms.

string - a valid string returned by openssl_get_md_methods() example, "sha256WithRSAEncryption" or "sha384".

返回值

成功时返回 true, 或者在失败时返回 false。

范例

示例 #1 openssl_sign()

<?php
// $data is assumed to contain the data to be signed

// fetch private key from file and ready it
$pkeyid = openssl_pkey_get_private("file://src/openssl-0.9.6/demos/sign/key.pem");

// compute signature
openssl_sign($data, $signature, $pkeyid);

// free the key from memory
openssl_free_key($pkeyid);
?>

示例 #2 openssl_sign()

<?php
//data you want to sign
$data = 'my data';

//create new private and public key
$new_key_pair = openssl_pkey_new(array(
    "private_key_bits" => 2048,
    "private_key_type" => OPENSSL_KEYTYPE_RSA,
));
openssl_pkey_export($new_key_pair, $private_key_pem);

$details = openssl_pkey_get_details($new_key_pair);
$public_key_pem = $details['key'];

//create signature
openssl_sign($data, $signature, $private_key_pem, OPENSSL_ALGO_SHA256);

//save for later
file_put_contents('private_key.pem', $private_key_pem);
file_put_contents('public_key.pem', $public_key_pem);
file_put_contents('signature.dat', $signature);

//verify signature
$r = openssl_verify($data, $signature, $public_key_pem, "sha256WithRSAEncryption");
var_dump($r);
?>
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